Full Course Description
Neuroscience & Yoga in the Treatment of Trauma
- Analyze the neuroscience research regarding the impact of trauma on the brain and nervous system as it relates to clinical treatment.
- Describe the “window of tolerance” and how to use it to inform treatment planning and interventions.
- Provide psychoeducation to clients regarding the specific characteristics of yoga that help reduce symptoms of trauma.
- Utilize yoga techniques to help improve clinical outcomes related to specific diagnosis.
- Demonstrate specific yoga techniques to use with clients in individual and group treatment settings.
- Educate clients about the clinical benefits, limitations and potential risks of utilizing yoga techniques in a clinical setting.
Neuroscience of Trauma
What Makes Yoga Suitable for Trauma Survivors?
- How the brain and nervous system are affected during trauma
- Window of tolerance
- Brain structures implicated in PTSD
- Storage of traumatic vs. normal memories in the brain
- Inability to process
Specific Yoga Techniques and Clinical Applications (with Lab)
- Brief introduction to yoga
- Research findings and limitations
- What yoga CAN and CANNOT accomplish in the treatment of trauma
- Importance of focusing on the present moment
- Increase the ability to tolerate pain and discomfort
- Calm down the amygdala and sympathetic nervous system
- Shift brain from negative bias to positive focus
- Breath of Joy
- Moving Warrior poses
- Simple vinyasa (with visualization)
- Meditation with mantra
- Legs up the wall
- Using yoga in individual treatment
- Using yoga in group treatment
- Limitations and potential risks
- Importance of personal yoga practice
- Use neuroscience knowledge to explain the impact of trauma and usefulness of yoga
- Referrals to appropriate classes
- Teach one skill and encourage practicing it
Bringing Trauma-Informed Yoga into Mental Health Clinical Practice
- Evaluate ways that autonomic nervous system dysregulation contributes to PTSD symptoms.
- Ascertain symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder which can be decreased through a trauma-sensitive yoga practice.
- Practice trauma-informed chair yoga postures for use in the individual or group psychotherapy session.
- Determine the benefits of bringing yogic deep relaxation into the therapy session.
- Specify yogic strategies to help reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in clients.
- Apply applications of chair yoga and three-part deep breathing practices into your clinical work, using scripts and practice sessions.
The Yoga Tradition and Neuropsychology
- Yoga, Patanjali and MIR’s
- The importance of heart rate variability (HRV)
Apply Trauma-Informed Yoga Postures in the Psychotherapy Session for PTSD, Anxiety and Depression
- The Triune Brain: left out of traditional psychotherapy?
- Regulating the brain’s trauma center
- Tracking body sensation and breathing deeply
- A frame of reference from Somatic Psychotherapy
- Neuroplasticity and interpersonal neurobiology
Yoga and the Breath
- The evidence in evidence-based yoga practice
- Yoga and polarities
- Guided script for chair yoga:
- 5 trauma-informed chair yoga postures
- Guiding and integrating the poses into your existing treatment modality (EMDR, Somatic Experiencing, etc.)
- Chair trauma-yoga:
- Tracking body sensation
- Gaining self-mastery
- Increasing self-regulation
- Expanding present-moment awareness
- Experience a chair yoga warm up and posture sequence
Structure of the Embodied Psychotherapy Session or Group
- Respiration and the autonomic nervous system (ANS)
- Breathing techniques to regulate the ANS and calm symptoms of trauma, anxiety and depression
- Experience the three-part deep breath and script
Therapeutic Value of Yoga Nidra (Yogic Sleep)
- Evaluating the client
- Opening the session
- Healing polarities:
- Sympathetic/parasympathetic activation
- Healthy symptoms of trauma discharge
- Key points in making referrals to yoga classes
- The benefits of sleeping while awake
- Varieties of Yoga Nidra
- Guided experience of Satchidananda’s Yoga Nidra
- Discussion of Yoga Nidra script
Case Study Copyright :
- The relaxation response
- Mindfulness meditation: open-focused meditation
- A guided experience of both styles of meditation
- The benefits of meditation in the trauma psychotherapy session
Integrating Yoga Skills in Trauma Treatment: Mind-Body Interventions, Attachment, Mood & Self-Regulation
- Specify yogic practices as a gentle exposure strategy for addressing emotional numbing, triggering, and the overactivated sympathetic nervous system to improve trauma treatment outcomes.
- Utilize specific contemplative based interventions to improve mood, strengthen emotional regulation, and build secure attachment.
- Apply simple, effective movement and breath strategies to help clients to replace self-limiting beliefs with a focus on values based goals.
- Stages of trauma treatment
- A mind/body model
- Building skills: integrating yoga effectively at each stage
- Emotional regulation through breath, movement, and imagery:
- How yoga builds self-regulation – existing evidence and future directions
- Yogic tools for self-regulation:
- Grounding postures
- Warrior- standing and chair adaptations
- A gradual awakening from numbness
- Sound & movement with breath – The rolling Om
- Create a safe internal haven, resetting from rumination
- Bhramari – enhancing security through breath and mudra
- Pratipaksha bhavana – imaging the opposite
- Reversing cognitive trends through posture
- Titrating exposure to inner sensations
- Individualizing the body scan
- RAIN – four steps for building interoceptive awareness
- Deepening inner resources: establishing a secure attachment to the self:
oAddressing the challenge of developmental trauma
- The neurobiology of attachment ruptures
oReplicating the conditions for secure attachment
oInner resource imagery for grounding and self-regulation
- Postures for establishing secure grounding
- Stemming the backdraft: Applying yogic strategies for self-soothing and self-assurance:
- Opening the heart to hold polarities – Anjali mudra
- So-Hum Meditation with movement – Connecting with the secure self
- Cultivating compassion through yogic approaches
- Evidence linking yoga with compassion
- Compassionate breathing meditation
- A gentle yoga sequence for self-compassion
- Transforming limiting beliefs through focusing on intentions and goals
- A six-step, embodied exploration for releasing limiting beliefs, moving forward with goals
- Challenge the “It’s not going to happen” belief
- Reframe step by step goal progression
- Identify and solidify meaningful goals through a visual meditation
- Mandalas – the science and the application
- Benefits of visual meditations
- Therapist questioning to decode personal symbolism
- Integrating the mandala experience through writing
- Yogic deep relaxation – building the capacity for to reset
- Retraining the sympathetic nervous system through yogic deep relaxation
- How deep relaxation works – the evidence
- Relaxing deeply in fifteen minutes or less