Full Course Description


Getting the Most Out of the Complete Blood Count

OUTLINE

  • Components of the CBC
  • What do the Numbers Mean?
  • Anemia
  • Polycythemia
  • Pearls of Wisdom
  • Understanding Shifts to the Left & Right
  • Using the Differential Clues
  • Platelet Abnormalities
  • Panic Values

OBJECTIVES

  1. Integrate Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, and Indices into a comprehensive assessment.
  2. Analyze a Complete Blood Count with Differential and discuss clinical applications.
  3. Explore the role of differentials assistance in determining differential diagnosis.
  4. Communicate the diagnosis and treatment of Platelet dysfunction and other coagulopathies.

Copyright : 02/16/2017

Beyond the Basics of the Basic Metabolic Panel: Understanding Life-Threatening Electrolyte Levels

OUTLINE

  • Components of the BMP
  • Renal Failure & Lab Clues
  • GFR
  • Acute Kidney Injury
  • Acute Tubular Nephrosis
  • Rhabdo
  • Hemodialysis
  • Life-Threatening Electrolyte Imbalances
  • Hypo and Hypernatremia
  • Hypo and Hypercalcemia
  • Hypo and Hypermagnesemia

OBJECTIVES

  1. Communicate the classification of renal insufficiency and failure.
  2. Analyze pre-renal, intrinsic renal, and post-obstructive causes of renal failure using lab findings and other tests.
  3. Connect expected changes to the EKG with life-threatening potassium levels.
  4. Connect Chvostek’s sign and Trousseau sign and the relationship to electrolyte status.
Copyright : 02/16/2017

Liver and Labs in Detail Along with Coagulation Complications

OUTLINE

  • Liver Function Tests
  • Clues to the Injured or Sick Liver
  • Hepatic Failure
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy
  • Coagulation Studies
  • The Clotting Cascade
  • INR Goals
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy (DIC)
  • Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT)

OBJECTIVES

  1. Communicate what parts of the clotting cascade are measured by the APTT and the INR.
  2. Categorize expected findings on the labs for a patient with DIC.
  3. Present the pathology behind Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia.
Copyright : 02/16/2017

Must Know Cardiac and Respiratory Lab Tests

OUTLINE

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome
  • Components of Cardiac Lab Tests
  • BNP and Pro-BNP
  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Blood Gases: Arterial and Venous
  • Acid/Base Compensation

OBJECTIVES

  1. Decide when the Troponin implies a myocardial infarct and what else can cause modest elevation to this cardiac marker.
  2. Exploit the differences between ST elevation and ST depression on the EKG as it relates to cardiac insult.
  3. Explore four abnormal findings on the ABG and common causes of each.
  4. Utilize a tool for easy analysis of ABG findings
Copyright : 02/16/2017

Everything Endocrine: Responding Appropriately to Critical Lab Findings

OUTLINE

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
  • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic States (HHS)
  • Hgb A1C
  • Conversion Rates
  • Diabetes Insipidus
  • SIADH
  • Thyroid Labs
  • Thyroid Crisis
  • Acute Pancreatitis
  • Pearls of Wisdom

OBJECTIVES

  1. Divide DKA and HHS from the lab findings.
  2. Explore symptoms and expected lab findings for Diabetes Insipidus.
  3. Formulate why calcium levels can be dangerously low with severe pancreatitis.
Copyright : 02/17/2017

Preventing and Treating Infection: Sepsis and Microbiology Lab Tests

OUTLINE

  • SIRS
  • Surviving Sepsis Guidelines
  • Sepsis Lab Findings
  • 3-hour and 6-hour Bundles
  • Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
  • Lumbar Puncture
  • Meningitis
  • Encephalitis
  • CSF Headache
  • Cultures & Sensitivity
  • Gram Stain
  • Choosing Antibiotics
  • Urinalysis

OBJECTIVES

  1. Communicate the role lactate levels serve in identifying and treating sepsis.
  2. Evaluate the components of the 3-hour and 6-hour bundles in the Surviving Sepsis Guidelines.
  3. Inspect the findings in a urinalysis that support the diagnosis of an UTI.
  4. Assess spinal fluid findings to differentiate between viral and bacterial meningitis and encephalitis.
  5. Communicate two ways the gram stain and sensitivity can guide selection of antibiotics.
Copyright : 02/17/2017