Full Course Description
Acute Cardiac Conditions: Quick Assessment & Rapid Action
Acute Cardiac Pathology
- Differentiate between an ST elevation MI and a non ST elevation MI
- What about the presentation based on different coronary vessel involvement?
- Review angiogram films to identify specific pathology including culprit vs. chronic lesions
- When are thrombolytics appropriate?
- When should an invasive procedure like angioplasty or stenting be performed?
- When to refer to surgery – including timing of urgent and elective surgery
- See the changes of acute MV regurgitation caused by myocardial ischemia on echocardiogram
- MR treatments: Pharmacology? When is it time for surgery or catheter-based interventions?
- Find out how an intra-aortic balloon pump can stabilize a patient with ventral septal defect caused by MI prior to surgery
- Review which drugs are most beneficial for specific conditions and adhere to AHA recommendations
- Understand the multiple causes of cardiogenic shock to identify early symptoms
- Compare the function of diagnostic techniques, including echocardiogram and swanganz catheters
- Gain insight into typical and more advanced treatments including fluid resuscitation, medication, interventions, intra-aortic balloon pumps, ECMO, and VADs
- Stanford types A and B – including common causes, which patients are at risk, and typical presenting symptoms
- Review diagnostic techniques and images including echocardiogram, TEE, and CT scans for pathological findings
- Which patients require emergency surgery vs. medical management?
- Explore the latest surgical techniques used in treatment
- Identify the symptoms of cardiac tamponade including the components of Beck’s triad
- Learn the causes of pericardial tamponade
- Review diagnostic echocardiogram and CT images
- Appropriate treatments including pericardiocentesis and pericardial window surgical procedures
- Identify acute cardiac arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation/flutter, 3rd-degree heart block and ventricular tachycardia by EKG findings
- Review common etiologies and risk factors
- Explore treatment options including medication, electricity, and ablation procedures
- Analyze EKG, physiologic, vascular, and structural changes related to myocardial ischemia.
- Breakdown acute mitral regurgitation due to papillary muscle dysfunction, ventral septal defects, and the acute physiologic symptoms observed.
- Communicate acute cardiac interventions including pharmacological, percutaneous and surgical treatments.
- Point out the etiology and symptoms of cardiogenic shock and treatments utilized.
- Analyze Stanford type A and B aortic dissection and treatments for each including which type requires emergency cardiac surgery.
- Breakdown symptoms of cardiac tamponade and appropriate treatments.
- Evaluate acute cardiac rhythm changes, etiology, and treatments for each including pharmacological and invasive interventions.
The Complex Neuro Patient: Strategies to Take Your Practice to the Next Level
Neuro Assessments: Identifying the RED Flags
- Challenging Mental Status Exams
- The Patient with Existing Dementia
- The Down-n-Dirty Cranial Nerve Assessment
- Glasgow Coma Scale
- Identifying Red Flags
- Effectively Communicating Changes
Neuro Trauma: The Latest Evidence-Based Strategies
- Blunt & Penetrating Injuries
- Symptom Management for:
- Prophylactic Hypothermia
- Nutrition Replacement
- Surgical Emergencies & Post-op Care
- Associated Mental Status & Cognitive Changes
Managing Increased Intracranial Pressure
- Early & Late Symptoms
- Non-invasive vs. Invasive Monitoring
- ICP Waveform Analysis Made Easy
Neuro Pharmacology: New Thoughts on Old Therapies
- Osmotic Diuretics
- Hypertonic Saline
- Anti-Seizure Prophylaxis
- DVT Prophylaxis
- Thrombolytics & Anticoagulation
- Reversal Agents
- Infection Prophylaxis
- Anesthetics, Analgesics & Sedatives
Timely Recognition and Treatment Recommendations for Stroke Syndromes
- Acute Ischemic Stroke
- Intracerebral Hemorrhagic Stroke
- Hemispheric Findings
- NIH Stroke Scale
- Clinical Presentation & Management of Seizures
- Differentiation of Seizure Type
- Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES’s)
- Sudden Unexplained Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP)
Neurodegenerative & Neuromuscular Disease
- The Patient with Alzheimer’s Disease
- Assessing Altered Mental Status
- The Patient with Pre-Existing Dementia
- Tips to Spot Subtle Clues
- Differentiating Diagnosis by Symptom Onset
The Patient with Multiple Sclerosis
- Physical Assessment Challenges
- The Patient with Muscle Weakness & Wasting
- Key Criteria for Assessing Baseline
The Patient with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
- Anticipating Complications
- Early Recognition of Life-threatening Symptoms
- What equipment is a MUST have at the bedside?
- Difficult Airway Management
The Patient with Parkinson’s Disease
- Symptom Management Challenges
- Interventions for the Agitated Patient
- Strategies for Effective Patient Compliance
- Team Approach: Role of the Interdisciplinary Team & Family
- Assess neuroanatomy as applicable to complex neurologic patients.
- Breakdown neurologic assessment strategies and changes associated with pathologic conditions.
- Choose between head injury types, associated mental status, and cognitive changes.
- Communicate the latest strategies for timely recognition and treatment of stroke syndromes.
- Specify the clinical presentation and treatment recommendations for seizure types.
- Correlate increased intracranial pressures with expected causes and critical care management.
- Evaluate post-op management of neurosurgical patients.
- Breakdown essential management strategies for patients with neurodegenerative and neuromuscular disorders.
Must Know Cardiac and Respiratory Lab Tests
- Acute Coronary Syndrome
- Components of Cardiac Lab Tests
- BNP and Pro-BNP
- Congestive Heart Failure
- Blood Gases: Arterial and Venous
- Acid/Base Compensation
- Decide when the Troponin implies a myocardial infarct and what else can cause modest elevation to this cardiac marker.
- Exploit the differences between ST elevation and ST depression on the EKG as it relates to cardiac insult.
- Explore four abnormal findings on the ABG and common causes of each.
- Utilize a tool for easy analysis of ABG findings