Full Course Description
2-Day Advanced Course: Primitive Reflex Integration
As therapists, when we treat the causes and symptoms of motor delays, we can utilize alternate brain pathways to improve the effects of therapy.
Through neuroplasticity, we have the power to make this happen! It acts as an adaptive mechanism to compensate for lost connection allowing us to maximize remaining function!
From congenital abnormalities (Downs Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, Angelman Syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome and more….) to traumatic brain injuries, this course delivers new and exciting ideas on how to detour around damage and incorporate viable nervous system connections.
Dr. Karen Pryor, PT, DPT, will teach you:
- How therapy can change the brain and how neuroplasticity will improve motor skills in a child’s development
- Creative and evidenced-based approaches to incorporate into a multisensory learning experience
- The importance of diverse and novel activities during treatment sessions
- The link between primitive reflexes and development
- How to evaluate the influence of primitive reflexes and effects on the
- CNS developmental stages relating to motor function
Video case studies will demonstrate changes before and after integrative neuroplasticity treatments. The therapy techniques you learn in this course can easily be integrated into the clinic or home the next day, leading to increased developmental success.
- Describe the primitive reflexes’ influence on movement patterns.
- Identify the multilayer approach using neuroanatomy and brain function.
- Evaluate strategies to incorporate techniques into home programs for parents and caregivers.
- Recognize the importance of positive treatment sessions and verbal cues.
- Analyze the relationship between brain dysfunction and tone abnormalities.
- Restate different approaches to changing low and high tone qualities.
- Identify primitive reflexes and how they contribute to development.
- Articulate testing and influences of the retention or primitive reflexes.
- Demonstrate the integration exercise, including modifications, for each reflex.
- Identify the behavioral and physical systems associated with each reflex.
- Examine why the reflexes may still be present.
- Discuss what reflex integration can accomplish.
NEUROANATOMY & BRAIN DEVELOPMENT
BRAIN DAMAGE & MISSING PARTS
- Brain stem and functions
- Occipital lobe
- Temporal lobe
- Frontal lobe
- Parietal lobe
BIGGEST CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPMENTAL DELAYS
- Neurodevelopmental screens
- Examples of damage
- What is working and what is not
- Where to rewire
- Therapy as infants – faster change
- Going deep into the brain, beyond the level of damage
HOW TO APPROACH TREATMENTS
- High tone
- Low tone
A NEW PERSPECTIVE ON THE NERVOUS SYSTEM & GUIDING IT FOR POSITIVE CHANGE
- Developmental milestone review
- Sensory motor development
- Vision and hearing
- Primitive reflex patterns and influence
- Opening the hands for exploration
- Developmental delay and when to go back a step in therapy treatments
THE PRIMARY & SECONDARY RESULTS OF NEUROPLASTICITY TECHNIQUES
- Lobes next door
- Videos of before and after sensory stimulation combinations
- Why vision is vitally important and how it can be stimulated
- How these concepts can be explained to parents and caregivers
- The brain is clay and how to make a model
HOW TO INTEGRATE NEUROPLASTICITY INTO YOUR THERAPY PROGRAM
- Changing the way the brain connects
- Primitive reflex integration and increased active movements
- The “Team” – patient, therapist, and parent/caregiver
- Sensory stimulation to promote appropriate motor response
- Smooth movements
- Strength is not the same as tone
- Simple activities to present to parents
BRAIN DEVELOPMENT AND IMPAIRMENTS RELATED TO:
- Sensation is 3-dimensional
- Climb through the cloth tube
- Vision exercises
- Sensory stimulation for high tone vs. low tone
EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT
- Brain stem
- Mid brain
- Cortex –
- Occipital lobe
- Temporal lobe
- Parietal lobe
- Frontal lobe
- Demonstration of primitive reflexes
- How retained reflexes act on developmental milestones
- Reasons for primitive reflex retention or re-emergence
- How primitive reflexes interfere with higher level skills – Reading, writing, sensory processing
- Palmar grasp
- Plantar grasp
- Symmetrical Tonic Neck
- Asymmetrical Tonic Neck
- Tonic Labyrinthine Reflex
- Moro Reflex
- Extension synergy
- Flexion synergy
Spastic Patterns Post-Brain Injury: Utilizing Primitive Reflex Treatment Strategies
What happens when a patient has a cerebral vascular accident, closed head injury or anoxia? The symptom demonstrated may be eye misalignment and/or spastic muscle tone. The symptoms resemble primitive reflex patterns. Do you brace and manage symptoms or treat the cause? When one treats the cause, the symptoms are easier to treat and faster to remedy through neuroplasticity techniques.
- Distinguish motor changes based upon neurological central nervous system injuries and degenerative diagnosis.
- Demonstrate new skills to unlock significant relief of tremor activity in a patient with anoxic brain injury and cerebral vascular accident.
- Analyze the influence of the central nervous system post CVA to determine what layer of the brain is active and how to reduce symptoms by treating the causal source.
Central Nervous System Injuries
- CNS anatomy
- Relate motor function change with injury and degenerative diseases
Relief of Tremor Activity
- Etiology of tremors
- New skills for unlocking significant relief of tremor activity with anoxic brain injury and cerebral vascular accident
- How to treat tremors in the clinic and home setting
Rewire connections to Improve Motor Function
- Influence of CNS post CVA
- Determine which layer of the brain is active
- Reduce symptoms by treating the causal source instead of just the symptoms
Primitive Reflexes: A Deeper Look into the Nervous System Pathways
This course will provide you with a deeper understanding of reflex and response mechanisms.
Discussion around the functional relationships between primitive reflexes and sympathetic nervous system interaction will assist in control of the treatment area.
You’ll learn inside and outside environmental considerations that impede primitive reflex integration to improve clinical outcomes!
- Determine the differences between primitive reflexes, response reactions and equilibrium responses.
- Distinguish the area of the nervous system involved in reflexes and responses.
- Extrapolate the functional relationships to development, orientation and engagement of the nervous system in integration techniques.
A Higher-Level Look
- Why this information is needed
- Elements of reflex influence
- Functional relationships of reflexes and higher level skills
- Tips on evaluation of residual primitive reflexes
- Primitive reflexes and sensory influence
- Vision and proprioception
- Orientation and protection
- Movement and upright posture control
Primitive Reflex Integration: Testing, Identifying and Demonstrating Patterns
- Appraise what to look for in eye alignment and the relationship to primitive reflex patterns in the face and body.
- Investigate central nervous system abnormalities and/or pain that results in decreased function of the cortical lobes and increased use of the lower brain centers.
- Differentiate how primitive reflexes are tested active verses passive movement.
- Integrate rotational patterns using vision, neck, trunk, upper extremities and lower extremities for integration and increased voluntary movement.
- Observe and Document
- Start with the face
- Eyes, facial tone, tongue
- Primitive reflexes of face and mouth
- Eye and tongue exercises
- Disarm primitive reflex power
- Pain influence on primitive reflexes
- Misalignment of neck and back
- How to promote rotational movements
- Passive verses active testing for primitive reflexes
- Positional testing
- PPRI Color Clock
- ATNR, TNR, Moro, TLR, Galant