Full Course Description

Intensive Training: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I): Evidence-based Insomnia Interventions for Trauma, Anxiety, Depression, Chronic Pain, TBI, Sleep Apnea and Nightmares

Program Information


  • DAY 1: Assessment and the Basics of CBT-I
    • Assessment
      • Goals of assessment
      • Clinical tools for assessing insomnia
      • Screen for other sleep disorders
      • When to make a referral to a sleep clinic
      • Contraindications for CBT-I
    • Sleep and its Regulation
      • Normal sleep architecture
      • Two-process model of sleep: Circadian rhythm and sleep drive
      • The arousal system
      • What causes chronic insomnia?
      • Key perpetuating factors for chronic insomnia
        • Behaviors that interfere with “buildup” of sleep drive
        • Behaviors that interfere with the optimal timing of sleep
        • Conditioned arousal and physiological/ cognitive hyperarousal
      • Perpetuating factors and CBT-I
    • Step-by-Step Guide to CBT-I: Stimulus Control and Sleep Restriction Therapies
      • Stimulus Control (SC): Addressing conditioned arousal
        • Rules for re-associating the bed with sleep
        • Identify and overcome potential obstacles to adherence
      • Sleep Restriction Therapy (SRT): Restoring the sleep drive
        • How to present rationale
        • Calculate time-in-bed prescription
        • Placing the time-in-bed window
        • Identify and overcome potential obstacles to adherence
        • Sleep extension
      • Combining SC and SRT
      • The myth of sleep hygiene
    • Step-by-Step Guide to CBT-I: Cognitive Therapy and Counter-arousal
      • Counter-arousal strategies: Quieting an active mind
        • Establishing a buffer zone
        • Processing strategies (including constructive worry and rumination strategies)
        • Mindfulness and relaxation therapies
        • Cognitive therapy: Identify and change distorted thoughts about sleep
          • Thought Records
          • Behavioral Experiments
          • Socratic Questioning
    • Implementation Issues
      • Models of Delivery
        • Four session individual therapy format
        • Seven session group therapy format
        • Single session CBT-I
      • CBT-I and hypnotic medication
        • Practice guidelines: CBT-I as first line treatment for chronic insomnia
        • Combining CBT-I with sleep medication
          • Positive and negative effects of sleep medications
          • Use of ineffective sleep medications
          • Promote non-contingent use of sleep medication
          • Strategies to support hypnotic discontinuation
  • DAY 2: Delivering CBT-I in the Context of Comorbidities
    • Depression
      • CBT-I and MDD
      • Troubleshooting adherence in depressed patients
        • Anhedonia
        • Sleep or bed as avoidance
        • Fatigue and fatigue management strategies
        • Rumination in depression
      • Case examples
      • Sleep and antidepressants
    • Anxiety
      • Sleep effort: Core target of CBT-I
        • Covert manifestations of sleep effort
        • Cognitive restructuring of sleep anxiety
        • Paradoxical Intention
      • Troubleshooting adherence with anxious clients
        • When SRT/SC increase anxiety
        • Counter control and sleep compression
        • High sleep anxiety vs high arousal
      • Panic Disorder and nocturnal panic
      • OCD and CBT-I
    • Trauma
      • Sleep and PTSD
      • CBT-I trials in PTSD
      • Behavioral targets in clients with insomnia vs PTSD
      • Common treatment challenges in clients with PTSD
      • Nightmares and nightmare treatments
    • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
      • Comorbid TBI
        • Sleep and TBI
        • Efficacy of CBT-I in mild TBI (mTBI)
        • Modify insomnia treatment for mTBI
    • Chronic Pain
      • Efficacy of CBT-I for those with chronic pain
      • Chronic pain and stimulus control
      • Common treatment challenges in clients with chronic pain
      • Pain medications and other considerations
    • Hypnotic Discontinuation
      • Combined guided hypnotic taper approach
      • Factors sustaining hypnotic dependence
        • Unhelpful beliefs
        • Learning
      • Strategies to support client during hypnotic taper
        • Psychoeducation about psychological dependence and rebound insomnia
        • Cognitive therapy to target unhelpful beliefs
      • Sample taper schedules
  • DAY 3: Co-Occurring Sleep Disorders and Advanced Case Formulation
    • Co-Occurring Sleep Apnea
      • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
        • Morbidity and mortality of OSA
        • Relationship of nocturia and OSA
        • Sleep apnea treatments
      • Obstacles to treatment adherence
        • Physical comfort
        • Mechanical problems
        • Social and other factors
        • Psychological factors
      • Improve adherence
        • Work with stages of change
        • Respond to common concerns
        • CPAP desensitization for claustrophobia
      • Treating insomnia in patients with comorbid OSA
    • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders
      • Using light to leverage circadian timekeeper
      • “Exogenous” circadian challenges
        • Cope with shift work
        • Adjust to jet lag
      • “Endogenous” circadian disorders: Advanced and delayed sleep phase
        • Phototherapy for delayed sleep phase
    • Imagery Rehearsal Therapy for Nightmares
      • Nightmares and nightmare disorder
        • Differential diagnosis
        • Assessment
          • Self-monitoring via nightmare log
          • Combine nightmare log and sleep diary
      • Imagery Rescripting and Rehearsal
        • Psychoeducation and rationale
        • Nightmares and trauma
        • Shaping imagery skills
        • IRT steps
      • Prazosin for nightmares
    • Advanced Case Formulation in CBT-I
      • Case conceptualization: Asking the right questions
      • Case Formulation Form
        • Factors weakening sleep drive
        • Factors weakening the clock
        • Evidence of hyperarousal
        • Unhelpful sleep behaviors
        • Comorbidities
      • Case Examples




  1. Apply assessment tools that screen for other sleep disorders and identify insomnia treatment targets as it relates to case conceptualization.
  2. Teach clients about the science of sleep and the causes of chronic insomnia for purposes of client psychoeducation.
  3. Ascertain key perpetuating factors for chronic insomnia to understand the etiology of chronic insomnia.
  4. Collaboratively design a sleep schedule with clients using a sleep diary to improve client’s sleep efficiency and daytime functioning.
  5. Combine stimulus control and sleep restriction therapy to address the three major causes of chronic insomnia.
  6. Utilize counter-arousal strategies to target hyper arousal in clients.
  7. Modify a client’s distorted beliefs about sleep using cognitive therapy techniques to improve adherence and decrease sleep related anxiety.
  8. Analyze three models of CBT-I delivery and implementation issues for different practice settings.
  9. Apply CBT-I treatment components to target perpetuating factors in clients with comorbid insomnia.
  10. Use cognitive and behavioral strategies to improve adherence with depressed clients.
  11. Modify treatment recommendations for clients who have symptoms of high sleep anxiety.
  12. Anticipate and resolve common treatment challenges in clients with PTSD such as sleep avoidance, fear of loss of vigilance and nightmare awakenings.
  13. Apply CBT-I techniques to clients with mild traumatic brain injury.
  14. Develop strategies to re-associate bed with sleep in clients with chronic pain.
  15. Combine CBT-I with a guided hypnotic taper to reduce rebound insomnia and psychological dependence in clients who wish to decrease or discontinue their use of sleep medication.
  16. Implement clinical treatment strategies to improve CPAP adherence in clients with co occurring obstructive sleep apnea.
  17. Combine behavioral interventions with evidence-based strategies, such as light therapy and strategically-timed melatonin, to “reset the clock” in clients with circadian rhythm sleep disorders.
  18. Use imagery rehearsal therapy to improve frequency and intensity of recurrent nightmares in clients with or without PTSD.
  19. Practice using advanced case formulation techniques to accurately select combination and order of CBT-I components.

Target Audience

Counselors, Social Workers, Nurses, Psychotherapists, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, Marriage and Family Therapists, Addiction Counselors, Case Managers, Other Mental Health Professionals

Copyright : 03/14/2018