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Digital Seminar

Testifying Under Oath - Trials and Depositions

Cyndi Zarbano, MSN-Ed, CCRN, CMSRN, LNC
2 Hours 02 Minutes
Audio and Video
Jun 08, 2023
Product Code:
Media Type:
Digital Seminar


Few life events are scarier than getting served paperwork that one has been named in a lawsuit. Far scarier still is having the case progress to the point where now one is facing deposition or jury trial! Just as the medical field has its own language, so does the legal system, and that can further add anxiety. Cyndi Zarbano MSN-Ed, CCRN, CMSRN, LNC, has performed as a legal nurse consultant and testifying expert since 2008 attending both depositions and trials. Join her as she takes you on a journey demystifying the complexities of testifying, trials and depositions, using real-life examples to bring clarity. 


Planning Committee Disclosure - No relevant relationships

All members of the PESI, Inc. planning committee have provided disclosures of financial relationships with ineligible organizations and any relevant non-financial relationships prior to planning content for this activity. None of the committee members had relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies or other potentially biasing relationships to disclose to learners.  For speaker disclosures, please see the faculty biography.

* Credit Note - **

NOTE: Tuition includes one free CE Certificate (participant will be able to print the certificate of completion after passing the online post-test (80% passing score) and completing the evaluation). Instructional methods will include PowerPoint, didactic lecture, and others.

Continuing Education Information:  Listed below are the continuing education credit(s) currently available for this non-interactive self-study package. Program content is reviewed periodically per accrediting board rules for currency and appropriateness for credit. Credit approvals are subject to change. Please note, your state licensing board dictates whether self-study is an acceptable form of continuing education. Please refer to your state rules and regulations. If your profession is not listed, please contact your licensing board to determine your continuing education requirements and check for reciprocal approval. 
For other credit inquiries not specified below, please contact or 800-844-8260 before purchase.

Materials that are included in this course may include interventions and modalities that are beyond the authorized practice of your profession.  As a licensed professional, you are responsible for reviewing the scope of practice, including activities that are defined in law as beyond the boundaries of practice in accordance with and in compliance with your profession's standards.  

For Planning Committee disclosures, please see the statement above.  For speaker disclosures, please see the faculty biography.

* Credit Note - ---

Earn up to 2.0 CE hours. Please see below, for more details, as credit amounts vary by state and profession. 

Nurses, Nurse Practitioners, and Clinical Nurse Specialists - ANCC

PESI, Inc. is accredited as a provider of nursing continuing professional development by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. Nurses completing these self-study materials will earn 2.0 contact hours. Expires: 06/08/2026.

California Nurses

PESI, Inc. is a provider approved by the California Board of  Registered Nursing, Provider #: 17118 for 2.0 self-study contact hours. 

** You will need to provide your license number to PESI. PESI must have this number on file in order for your hours to be valid.

Florida Nurses

PESI, Inc. is an approved provider by the Florida Board of  Nursing. Provider #: FBN2858. These materials qualify for 2.0 self-study contact hours.

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Iowa Nurses

PESI, Inc. is an approved provider by the Iowa Board of Nursing. Provider #: 346. Nurses successfully completing these self-study materials will earn 2.0 self-study contact hours. Please email with your license number, include the title, speaker name and date. PESI must have this number on file in order for your hours to be valid.

Other Professions

This self-study activity qualifies for 2.0 continuing education clock hours as required by many national, state and local licensing boards and professional organizations. Save your activity advertisement and certificate of completion, and contact your own board or organization for specific requirements.


Cyndi Zarbano, MSN-Ed, CCRN, CMSRN, LNC's Profile

Cyndi Zarbano, MSN-Ed, CCRN, CMSRN, LNC Related seminars and products

Cyndi Zarbano, MSN-Ed, CCRN, CMSRN, LNC, has been a nurse for nearly 30 years specializing in intensive care. She earned her legal nurse consultant training through the Vickie Milazzo Institute in 2008 and has worked on nearly 250 cases for various boards of nursing. She has worked with attorneys on pre-corrective action and with nurses to meet consultation requirements to fulfill corrective action guidelines.

Additionally, Cyndi has worked as a legal nurse consultant responsible to analyze medical records, determine merit, assist with client interviews, attend medical appointments, locate testing experts, complete chronologies, review billing for accuracy, provide deposition/jury question development, and assist in court strategy development. Cyndi is a renowned national seminar speaker having spoken for numerous companies since 2008, including her own, Clinical Review Consultants. She works for Mayo Clinic in Minnesota continuing her passion for bedside nursing in critical care.


Speaker Disclosures:
Financial: Cynthia Zarbano is the owner of Clinical Review Consultants and has an employment relationship with Mayo Mankato. She receives a speaking honorarium and recording royalties from PESI, Inc. She has no relevant financial relationships with ineligible organizations.
Non-financial: Cynthia Zarbano has no relevant non-financial relationships.

Additional Info

Access for Self-Study (Non-Interactive)

Access never expires for this product.


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  1. Differentiate between an intentional and non-intentional tort. 
  2. Determine the “Do’s and Don’ts” of deposition. 
  3. Explain the eight stages of a trial. 
  4. Analyze how the defendant and jury members’ oaths differ.  
  5. Explain the penalties for perjury. 


Types of medical-legal cases 

  • Does the case meet all necessary criteria? 
  • Negligence cases 
  • Intentional vs non-intentional torts 
  • Most common suits against providers 
  • Most common suits against nurses and others in the medical field 

“So you’ve been named in a lawsuit…..” 

  • What does that mean? 
  • Things to remember 
  • Civil vs Criminal cases 

Testifying under oath 

  • The sworn affidavit 
  • Plaintiffs Oath 
    • Penalties of Perjury 
  • Jurists Oath 
  • Discovery  
  • A VERY important concept for legal nurse consultants to remember 
    • What is your role in the case? 
    • Nurse consultant vs testifying expert 


  • What happens in a deposition? 
  • Always remember the ultimate goal? 
  • Do’s and Don’ts of Deposition 
  • What can a legal nurse consultant do to be of assistance in deposition cases? 
  • Do all depositions progress to trial? 


  • Bench Trial vs. Jury Trial 
    • Pro’s and con’s of each 
  • Jury of one’s peers and jury selection 
  • Burden of Proof 
  • 8 stages of the trial 
  • Legal nurse consultant role in trials 
    • For defense 
    • For plaintiff 
  • Summary of judgment in civil trials 

Target Audience

  • Nurses
  • Nurse Practitioners 


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