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Digital Seminar

Visual Processing Toolkit: Proven Assessment and Treatment for Functional Issues Associated with Vision

Robert Constantine, OTR/L
Approx. 6 Hours
Feb 20, 2024
Product Code:
Media Type:
Digital Seminar


Tried all the vestibular interventions, but the patient still complains of being dizzy? Your patient got new glasses but still have problems with spatial awareness?

Failure to recognize functional issues as deficits of visual processing can stall your treatment plans and patient outcomes.

Visual processing skills are integral to daily functional activities, from balance and posture to reading, many of our patient’s complaints are related to acquired issues affecting visual processing. When you address visual processing challenges headon, you can empower your clients to overcome limitations and unlock their true potential. This course was designed for any therapist who is ready to go deeper into the functional aspects of the visual system.

Assessment Made Effortless: Say goodbye to the hassle of outdated and timeconsuming assessment methods.

This toolkit provides you with a wide array of standardized assessments, interactive checklists, and visual screening tools that enable you to identify and evaluate visual processing challenges efficiently. With these resources at your fingertips, you’ll be able to conduct thorough and accurate assessments, allowing for targeted and effective treatment plans.

Multifaceted Visual Processing Toolkit: Evidence-Based Treatment Interventions to Enhance Functional Outcomes

  • A wide range of intervention strategies, exercises, and activities, each meticulously designed to improve visual discrimination, tracking, perceptual skills, and more.
  • Techniques for common symptoms: balance, motion sensitivity, reading difficulties, gait and more!
  • Learn how to combine multiple approaches and modalities for better outcomes
    • Binasal occlusion
    • Ocular motor activities to improve spatial awareness
    • Visual perception activities
    • Integration of vestibular and visual skills
    • Peripheral to central visual activities

Unlock powerful tools for engaging therapy, boosting coordination, balance, reading, writing, and spatial skills. Empower clients for independence and confidence. Whether you’re a pro or beginner, elevate your expertise with us, ensuring optimal client outcomes. Join therapists revolutionizing lives through innovative methods and become a leader in visual rehab.


Planning Committee Disclosure - No relevant relationships

All members of the PESI, Inc. planning committee have provided disclosures of financial relationships with ineligible organizations and any relevant non-financial relationships prior to planning content for this activity. None of the committee members had relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies or other potentially biasing relationships to disclose to learners.  For speaker disclosures, please see the faculty biography.

CE Information Coming Soon

Continuing education credit information is coming soon for this non-interactive self-study package.

CEs may be available for select professions, as listed in the target audience. Hours will be dependent on the actual recording time. Please check with your state licensing board or organization for specific requirements. 

There may be an additional fee for CE certificates. Please contact our Customer Service at 1-800-844-8260 for more details. 

**Materials that are included in this course may include interventions and modalities that are beyond the authorized practice of mental health professionals. As a licensed professional, you are responsible for reviewing the scope of practice, including activities that are defined in law as beyond the boundaries of practice in accordance with and in compliance with your professions standards.


Robert Constantine, OTR/L's Profile

Robert Constantine, OTR/L Related seminars and products

Robert Constantine, OTR/L, is an occupational therapist with over 25 years of experience in the fields of visual and neurological rehabilitation. Mr. Constantine is employed by the Pearl Nelson Child Development Center, where he focuses on the treatment of eye movement disorders in neurotypical and special needs children as well as adult stroke, TBI and concussion survivors. Mr. Constantine’s passion leads him to intensive studying of the visual system and continuous searches for new, evidence-based interventions to improve patient outcomes.

Robert has had training from the Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation Association, a unique interdisciplinary organization that brings together the tools of optometry, occupational and physical therapy to improve outcomes for patients with neurological diagnoses. He was previously the only occupational therapist to be a member of the High Performance Vision Associates, an elite group of sports vision optometrists. As Such, Mr. Constantine has participated in sports vision screenings at IMG Academy, Hendricks Motorsports, and on the LPGA tour. He has also developed and marketed drag-racing specific glasses that have been successful in NHRA Sportsman drag racing, as well as having worked with elite NHRA racers, golfers, and sporting clays champions.


Speaker Disclosures:
Financial: Robert Constantine has employment relationships with CIAO Seminars and Pearl Nelson Child Development Center. He receives a speaking honorarium and recording royalties from PESI, Inc. He has no relevant financial relationships with ineligible organizations.
Non-financial: Robert Constantine has no relevant non-financial relationships.

Additional Info

Access for Self-Study (Non-Interactive)

Access never expires for this product.


Visit our FAQ page at or contact us at


  1. Differentiate between “sight” and “vision.”
  2. Categorize aspects of dorsal and ventral stream function.
  3. Choose standardized assessments to determine the presence of a visual processing issue.
  4. Recognize the visual processing errors common in dyslexia to improve participation and function.
  5. Suggest strategies to improve ocular motor and visual spatial issues.
  6. Identify strategies that improve dorsal stream dysfunction to improve balance and motion sensitivity.


The Visual System: Sight Vs. Vision

  • Multi step process
  • Skeffington’s Circles
  • Anatomy: eye and visual cortex
  • Functional issues associated with sight vs. vision

Assessing Visual Processing

  • The eye exam
    • Understand the different types of eye professionals
    • Refractive state, corrections, and lens demonstration
  • How a patient’s glasses can help…or possibly make things worse
  • Ocular motor assessment
    • Saccades
    • Tracking
    • Near vision system
    • Extra ocular movements
    • Phoria/tropias
  • Assessing ventral stream
    • Visual perception testing
  • Assessing dorsal stream function
    • Motion coherence
    • Interview
    • Common complaints
  • Visual processing and dyslexia
    • Ventral and dorsal stream issues of dyslexia
    • Understanding of letter reversals
  • When to utilize standardized visual perception assessment and when to wait

Treatment of Visual Processing Issues

  • Techniques for treating ocular motor issues
    • Saccades – spatial mapping
    • Tracking
    • Convergence
  • Treating visual perception issues
    • Recognize, distinguish, recall
    • Visual motor integration
  • Movement sensitivity, balance and gait
    • Binasal occlusion
    • Yoked prism

Solutions for Common Symptoms and Diagnoses:

  • Dyslexia, letter reversals and recognition
  • Stroke
  • TBI
  • Parkinson’s
  • Concussion
  • Motion sensitivity
  • Visual processing disorder
  • Poor balance, posture and gait
  • Poor reading skills

Combine Multiple Approaches for Better Outcomes!

  • Binasal occlusion
  • Ocular motor activities to improve spatial awareness
  • Visual perception activities
  • Integration of vestibular and visual skills
  • Peripheral to central visual activities
  • Case studies

Target Audience

  • Occupational Therapists
  • Occupational Therapy Assistants
  • Speech-Language Pathologists
  • Physical Therapists
  • Physical Therapist Assistants


Satisfaction Guarantee
Your satisfaction is our goal and our guarantee. Concerns should be addressed to: PO Box 1000, Eau Claire, WI 54702-1000 or call 1-800-844-8260.

ADA Needs
We would be happy to accommodate your ADA needs; please call our Customer Service Department for more information at 1-800-844-8260.

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