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Digital Seminar

Psychopharmacology of ADHD: Deepening Clinician Insight into Medication Strategies

Stephanie L. Shafer, MSN, ANP-BC, PMHNP-BC
2 Hours 03 Minutes
Audio and Video
Mar 21, 2024
Product Code:
Media Type:
Digital Seminar


Stephanie Shafer, MSN, ANP-BC, PMHNP-BC, will deliver an advanced and updated review of stimulant (e.g., methylphenidate, amphetamines) and non-stimulant (e.g., atomoxetine, guanfacine) medications, with a particular focus on understanding the mechanisms of action, how they differ, and how one might synergistically compliment another. Learn how these medications affect the brain’s chemistry and function to alleviate ADHD symptoms, allowing for a deeper appreciation of their therapeutic potential. Central to the discussion will be the identification of presenting symptomatology and the evaluating of treatment outcomes. This focus will provide the knowledge and skills needed to adeptly navigate the evolving landscape of ADHD management.

By the talk’s conclusion, you will possess a robust understanding of ADHD’s neurobiological basis, as well as a comprehensive knowledge of the mechanisms by which available medications act. Deliver personalizing care for patients with ADHD to enhance their quality of life and daily functioning to the future.


Planning Committee Disclosure - No relevant relationships

All members of the PESI, Inc. planning committee have provided disclosures of financial relationships with ineligible organizations and any relevant non-financial relationships prior to planning content for this activity. None of the committee members had relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies or other potentially biasing relationships to disclose to learners.  For speaker disclosures, please see the faculty biography.

* Credit Note - **

NOTE: Tuition includes one free CE Certificate (participant will be able to print the certificate of completion after passing the online post-test (80% passing score) and completing the evaluation). Instructional methods will include PowerPoint, didactic lecture, and others.

Continuing Education Information:  Listed below are the continuing education credit(s) currently available for this non-interactive self-study package. Program content is reviewed periodically per accrediting board rules for currency and appropriateness for credit. Credit approvals are subject to change. Please note, your state licensing board dictates whether self-study is an acceptable form of continuing education, as well as which credit types are acceptable for continuing education hours. Please refer to your state rules and regulations. If your profession is not listed, please contact your licensing board to determine your continuing education requirements and check for reciprocal approval. 
For other credit inquiries not specified below, please contact or 800-844-8260 before purchase.

Materials that are included in this course may include interventions and modalities that are beyond the authorized practice of your profession.  As a licensed professional, you are responsible for reviewing the scope of practice, including activities that are defined in law as beyond the boundaries of practice in accordance with and in compliance with your profession's standards.  

For Planning Committee disclosures, please see the statement above.  For speaker disclosures, please see the faculty biography.

* Credit Note - ---

Earn up to 2.0 CE hours. Please see below, for more details, as credit amounts vary by state and profession. 

Nurses - Pharmacology Nurse Practitioners

This self-study program offers 120 instructional minutes of pharmacology content which is designed to qualify for 2.0 contact hours toward your pharmacology requirement. 

Nurses - Nurses, Nurse Practitioners, and Clinical Nurse Specialists - ANCC

PESI, Inc. is accredited as a provider of nursing continuing professional development by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. Nurses completing these self-study materials will earn 2.0 contact hours. Expires: 01/16/2027.

Nurses - California Nurses

PESI, Inc. is a provider approved by the California Board of  Registered Nursing, Provider #: 17118 for 2.0 self-study contact hours. 

** You will need to provide your license number to PESI. PESI must have this number on file in order for your hours to be valid.

Nurses - Florida Nurses

PESI, Inc. is an approved provider by the Florida Board of  Nursing. Provider #: FBN2858. These materials qualify for 2.0 self-study contact hours.

CE Broker

Nurses - Iowa Nurses

PESI, Inc. is an approved provider by the Iowa Board of Nursing. Provider #: 346. Nurses successfully completing these self-study materials will earn 2.0 self-study contact hours. Please email with your license number, include the title, speaker name and date. PESI must have this number on file in order for your hours to be valid.

Physicians - Physicians

PESI, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. PESI, Inc. designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. This activity was originally recorded on 03/21/2024. It was last reviewed on 01/17/2024 and is valid until 01/17/2027.


Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. You are required to successfully complete and submit a post-test prior to receiving a certificate of completion.

Physicians Assistants - Physician Assistants

AAPA accepts certificates of participation for educational activities certified for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ from organizations accredited by ACCME such as PESI. Physician assistants may receive a maximum of 2.0 hours for completing this self-study program. This activity was originally recorded on 03/21/2024. It was last reviewed on 01/17/2024 and is valid until 01/17/2027


PESI, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. PESI, Inc. designates this enduring material for a maximum of 2.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™.

Other Professions

This self-study activity qualifies for 2.0 continuing education clock hours as required by many national, state and local licensing boards and professional organizations. Save your activity advertisement and certificate of completion, and contact your own board or organization for specific requirements.



Stephanie L. Shafer, MSN, ANP-BC, PMHNP-BC's Profile

Stephanie L. Shafer, MSN, ANP-BC, PMHNP-BC Related seminars and products

Stephanie L. Shafer, MSN, ANP-BC, PMHNP-BC, works in a large private practice in Lansing, MI, providing clinical services to children, adolescents, and adults with psychiatric disorders, including ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, Obsessive-compulsive tendencies, Schizophrenia, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Traumatic Brain Injury, PTSD, and Personality Disorders. She has achieved considerable success treating these conditions. This success has largely resulted from the development of a structured model of care that includes a significant focus on clinical and background histories, identifying psychosocial stressors, and evaluating prior medical and psychiatric diagnoses (and treatment regimens associated with these conditions). This approach and model of medical management is essential to the effective delivery of psychiatric medications to this population.

From a clinical perspective, Stephanie has worked in a myriad of settings, including emergency medicine, primary care, and psychiatry, within a large urban hospital, community-based practice, clinics, and in a private-practice setting. Her transition from primary care to psychiatry evolved as a means of providing effective treatment for a growing population of underserved patients with psychiatric disorders.

Stephanie’s commitment to her specialty is evident. She completed a post-graduate degree specializing in psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD, earned her Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner certificate, and is a requested presenter, sharing her expertise with multidisciplinary healthcare audiences throughout the country.


Speaker Disclosures:
Financial: Stephanie Shafer is the owner and founder of Neurobehavioral Health and Wellness. She receives a speaking honorarium and recording royalties from PESI, Inc. She has no relevant financial relationships with ineligible organizations.
Non-financial: Stephanie Shafer is a member of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners.

Additional Info

Access for Self-Study (Non-Interactive)

Access never expires for this product.


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  1. Explain the key neurobiological factors involved in ADHD, including neurotransmitter systems, brain regions implicated, and how they contribute to the symptoms of the disorder.
  2. Evaluate the pharmacological treatments available for ADHD, including stimulant medications (e.g., methylphenidate, amphetamines) and non-stimulant mediations (e.g., atomoxetine, guanfacine).
  3. Differentiate ADHD from common differentials and tailor pharmacotherapy to individual patients.
  4. Analyze the effectiveness of ADHD medications, while also considering potential side effects.


Neurobiology of ADHD
  • Neurotransmitter systems
  • Brain regions implicated
  • Contribution to symptoms
Examine Pharmacological Treatment Options
  • Stimulant medications
    • Methylphenidate
    • Amphetamines
  • Non-stimulant medications
    • Atomoxetine
    • Guanfacine, etc.
  • Mechanisms of action
  • Efficacy and effectiveness
  • Differences and combinations
Individualized Treatment Strategies
  • Differential diagnosis
    • Distinguish ADHD from common differentials
    • Consideration of comorbid psychiatric conditions
  • Tailoring pharmacotherapy
    • Customize treatment plans based on individual patient profiles
    • Adjust dosage and medication type as needed
  • Address overlapping symptomatology
    • Strategies to manage symptoms that overlap with other disorders
    • Coordinate care with other healthcare providers
Evaluate Treatment Outcomes & Side Effects
  • Effectiveness of Medications
    • Reduction of ADHD symptoms
    • Improvement in daily functioning
    • Cognitive and emotional beliefs
  • Side Effects
    • Common side effects of ADHD medications
    • Strategies to minimize side effects


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