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Digital Seminar

The Kidneys in Detail

Carla J. Moschella
5 Hours 22 Minutes
Audio and Video
Copyright :
Mar 17, 2015
Product Code:
Media Type:
Digital Seminar


  • The Kidneys Revealed — The structure and function of components of the mechanical and hormonal systems of the kidneys.
  • Renal Dysfunction — What happens to cause decreased renal function and why.
  • Electrolytes and the Kidneys — Find out why your patient’s electrolytes are out of range and what you can do about it.
  • Kidneys and Fluids: The Balancing Act Discover how the kidneys act to maintain fluid balance and osmolality; and how to find problems before they occur.

Have you ever wondered?

  • What the serum osmolality means to your patient?
  • How to anticipate electrolyte disorders?
  • When do drugs and IV dye affect renal function?

If you are like many other healthcare professionals, you might find fluids and electrolytes to be intimidating; renal function to be mysterious, and concepts like osmolality to be downright confusing. But, wait…now there’s hope!

In “The Kidneys in Detail” Carla J. Moschella, MS, PA-C, RDN, explains the complexities of fluids and electrolytes in simple terms that you will be able to understand and gives you practical ways to use the information at the bedside with your next patient.

If you have a hard time explaining to your patients about why their potassium is low for the third day in a row, or how certain drugs can cause renal dysfunction, or why it is important that you measure intake and output, then you need to go back to the basics with the help of a mentor who can really make the information easy and understandable.

Most of us learned about anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology in school where we were focused primarily on passing the class. We memorized and we studied, but we quickly forgot.

You learn differently now. With years of healthcare experience, your brain has learned to classify your professional information into “file folders” based on your clinical experiences. Now, when you go back to learn these concepts, your brain will put the information into the correct “folder” to use the next time you encounter a patient with that problem. In other words, you will retain the information now that you have a way to organize it.

Understanding the essential concepts of renal anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology will help you find patient complications faster and respond to them more appropriately. In addition:

  • You will communicate more effectively with physicians and your peers
  • You will feel more confident
  • You will provide safer and more effective care




NOTE: Tuition includes one free CE Certificate (participant will be able to print the certificate of completion after completing and passing the on-line post-test evaluation). 

Continuing Education Information:  Listed below are the continuing education credit(s) currently available for this non-interactive self-study package. Please note, your state licensing board dictates whether self-study is an acceptable form of continuing education. Please refer to your state rules and regulations. If your profession is not listed, please contact your licensing board to determine your continuing education requirements and check for reciprocal approval. For other credit inquiries not specified below, please contact or 800-844-8260 before the event.

Materials that are included in this course may include interventions and modalities that are beyond the authorized practice of your profession.  As a licensed professional, you are responsible for reviewing the scope of practice, including activities that are defined in law as beyond the boundaries of practice in accordance with and in compliance with your profession's standards.  

The planning committee and staff who controlled the content of this activity have no relevant financial relationships to disclose. For speaker disclosures, please see speaker bios.

Certified Diabetes Educators

The National Certification Board for Diabetes Educators recognizes courses sponsored by a CDR approved provider. This self-study course qualifies for 5.5 continuing education hours.

California Nurses

PESI, Inc. is a provider approved by the California Board of  Registered Nursing, Provider #: 17118 for 5.5 self-study contact hours. 

** You will need to provide your license number to PESI. PESI must have this number on file in order for your hours to be valid.

Florida Nurses

PESI, Inc. is an approved provider by the Florida Board of  Nursing. Provider #: FBN2858. These materials qualify for 5.5 self-study contact hours.

CE Broker

Iowa Nurses

PESI, Inc. is an approved provider by the Iowa Board of Nursing. Provider #: 346. Nurses successfully completing these self-study materials will earn 7.0 self-study contact hours. Please email with your license number, include the title, speaker name and date. PESI must have this number on file in order for your hours to be valid.

Other Professions

This self-study activity qualifies for 5.75 continuing education clock hours as required by many national, state and local licensing boards and professional organizations. Save your activity advertisement and certificate of completion, and contact your own board or organization for specific requirements.



Carla J. Moschella's Profile

Carla J. Moschella Related seminars and products: 3

PA-C, MS, RD, Director of Academic Education, Physician Assistant Studies Assistant Professor

MGH Institute

Carla Moschella, MS, PA-C, RD, is a physician assistant and registered dietitian with over 25 years of clinical experience in nutrition, nephrology, gastroenterology, and internal medicine. She received her Master of Science degree in Medical Dietetics from Framingham State College in Massachusetts and her Physician Associate Certificate from Yale University School of Medicine. She was employed for several years as a physician assistant in nephrology at Tufts Medical Center in Boston. In that capacity she managed patients with all stages of chronic kidney disease, including those who were undergoing evaluation for a kidney transplant and those who already had received a one.

She has lectured at many national and state conferences on kidney disease, including at the National Kidney Foundation’s annual meetings, at the physician assistant’s national conference in New Orleans, and at several physician assistant state associations, including Arizona, Maine, Massachusetts, and Vermont. She is the author of the chapter on nephrology in Lange Q&A Physician Assistant Examination, published by McGraw-Hill, the PA text for preparation for the national certifying and recertifying exams. She authored an article on the National Kidney Foundation’s practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease in the Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, and she co-authored an article entitled, “Interaction between cyclosporin A and Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort) following organ transplantation” in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases. She also has served as a reviewer for many journals and textbooks. Miss Moschella is a member of Pi Alpha, the national honor society for physician assistants, and Alpha Eta, the national honor society for allied health professionals.

Speaker Disclosures:

Financial: Carla Moschella is a Lead Clinician for Logistics Health, Inc. She receives speaking honorarium from PESI, Inc. 

Nonfinancial: Carla Moschella has no relevant nonfinancial relationship to disclose.


Additional Info

Program Information


Click here to purchase the DVD or CD recording from our product store.

Additional Resources

To order the book, Patient Crisis and Critical Thinking, please visit our product store.

To order the book, Laboratory Tests Made Easy: A Plain English Approach, Second Edition, please visit our product store.



Access for Self-Study (Non-Interactive)

Access never expires for this product.


The Kidneys Revealed

  • Structural Components
  • Functions
    • Fluid regulation
    • Waste filtration
    • Electrolyte Control
    • Hormone Regulation
    • Blood pressure control
    • Bone metabolism: vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone

Electrolytes and the Kidneys

  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Phosphorus
  • Glucose

Kidneys and Fluids: The Balancing Act

  • Osmoregulators
  • Sodium Levels
  • Normal volemic states
  • Hyponatremia
  • General Management  Principles

Renal Dysfunction

  • Acute Renal Failure
    • Diagnostic Tests
    • Labs and Results
    • Presentation (Signs/ Symptoms)
  • Chronic Renal Failure
    • Risk Factors
    • Progression
    • Signs and Symptoms
    • Treatments



  • Analyze how the kidneys filter waste products and maintain normal levels of fluid and electrolytes.
  • Interpret BUN and creatinine in a clinical setting and understand why they become abnormal.
  • Describe why hyperkalemia and hyperphosphatemia occur in patients with kidney disease and how they are treated.
  • Identify the role the kidneys play in blood pressure control and bone health.
  • Identify those patients at risk for chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury.
  • Explain the relationship between diseases such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension and declining kidney function.
  • Recognize medications that are useful for treating kidney disease and those that pose a risk for patients with kidney disease.


Target Audience

Certified Diabetes Educators, Nurses, and other Healthcare Professionals



Overall:      4.5

Total Reviews: 59


Teresa H

"Fascinating subject, she made the topic come alive and described relevance to professionals, patients, families. Organized and enthusiastic delivery."

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